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Countable, uncountable nouns and quantifiers

Presentación que se enfoca en explicar las diferencias entre countable and uncountable nouns, qué son los quantifiers, qué tipos hay y cómo se usan. Registrar absolutamente toda la presentación en sus cuadernos. Let's study!

  • COUNTABLE NOUNS

    I. Countable:
    E.g. I eat a banana every day
    I like bananas.

    Banana is a countable noun.

    A countable noun can be singular (banana) or plural (bananas).

    We can use numbers with countable nouns. So we can say "one banana", "two bananas", etc.

    Examples of nouns usually countable:
    1. Kate was singing a song.
    2. There's a nice beach near here.
    3. There are no batteries in the radio.

    II. You can use A/AN with singular countable nouns:
    E.g. A beach / A student / AN umbrella



    You cannot use singular countable nouns alone (without a/the/my etc.):
    1. I want a banana. (not want banana)
    2. There has been an accident. (not There has been accident)

    You can use plural countable nouns alone:
    1. I like bananas. (= bananas in general)
    2. Accidents can be prevented.

    III. You can use SOME and ANY with plural countable nouns:
    1. We sang some songs.
    2. Did you buy any apples?

    We use MANY and FEW with plural countable nouns:
    1. We didn't take many photographs.
    2. I have a few things to do.


  • UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS

    I. Uncountable:
    E.g. I eat rice every day.
    I like rice.

    Rice is an uncountable noun.

    An uncountable noun has only one form (rice).


    We cannot use numbers with uncountable nouns.We cannot say "one rice", "two rices", etc.

    Examples of nouns usually uncountable:
    1. Kate was listening to music.
    2. Do you have any money?
    3. We haven't got enough water.

    II. You cannot normally use A/AN with uncountable nouns. We do not say "a sand", "a music", "a rice". BUT you can use A... OF. For example:
    A bowl / A packet / A grain of rice

    You can use uncountable nouns alone (without the/ my/ some etc.):
    1. I eat rice every day.
    2. There is blood on your shirt.






    III. You can use SOME and ANY with uncountable nouns:
    1. We listened to some music.
    2. Did you buy any apple juice?

    We use MUCH and LITTLE with uncountable nouns:
    1. We didn't do much shopping.
    2. I have a little work to do.





ACTIVITY

EXERCISE 1: Write C for countable and U for uncountable:

 
1. time:     ______      2. book:   ______      3. money: ______      4. milk:    ______
5. pen:      ______      6. hair:     ______      7. chair:   ______      8. meat:   ______
9. butter:  ______      10. pencil:______      11.bread: ______     12.jam:    ______
13. friend:______      14. finger: ______      15.flour:  ______      16.apple: ______
17: oil:      ______      18. car:     ______      19. salt:   ______      20.furniture: ______
21. cheese:______     22.rice:     ______      23. tea:   ______      24: game: ______
25. advice:______      26.cream: ______      27.honey:______     28.carrot: ______ 
 
 
EXERCISE 2. Choose a, an, some or any
 
a)  It is ________ dog.                                             b) Have you got ________friends?                  
c)  I bought ________milk.                                      d) Linda has not got ________pets.       
e) There is ________orange on the table.              f) Tim eats ________ cheese every day.
g) We don't have ________bread.                           h) My brother found ________money.             i) My sister found ________pen.                            j) Do you have ________eggs?            
k) There are ________ students in the classroom.  l) Is there ________pencil on the desk?      
 
 
EXERCISE 3. Choose How  much or How many
 
a) ____________ cheese do you buy?
 
b) ____________ books are there in your bag?
 
c) ____________ films did Tom see last week?
 
d) ____________ money do you spend every week?
 
e) ____________ friends does Linda have?
 
f) ____________  sugar do we need?
 
g) ____________ tomatoes are there in the fridge?
 
h) ____________  meat are you going to buy?
 
i) ____________  milk did you drink yesterday?
 
j) ____________ apples do you see?
 
 
EXERCISE 4: Choose some, any, much, many, alot of, a little, a few.
  1. There aren'tcar parks in the centre of Oxford.score
  2. Eating out is expensive here. There aren'tcheap restaurants.score
  3. Liverpool hasof great nightclubs.score
  4. Hurry up! We only havetime before the coach leaves.score
  5. We sawbeautiful scenery when we went to Austria.score
  6. There are ashops near the university.score
  7. It's very quiet. There aren'tpeople here today.score
  8. There areexpensive new flats next to the river.score